Universal declaration of Human rights


Adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly in his resolution 217 To (III), of December 10, 1948

Preamble

Thinking that the freedom, the justice and the peace in the world take basic the recognition of the intrinsic dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all the members of the human family,

Thinking that the ignorance and the contempt of the human rights have caused insulting barbarism acts for the conscience of the humanity; and that has been proclaimed, like the highest aspiration of the man, the advent of a world in which the human, liberated beings of the fear and of the misery, enjoy the freedom of speech and the freedom of beliefs,

Considering to be essential that the human rights should be protected by a Right diet, in order that the man does not turn out to be compelled to the supreme resource of the rebellion against the tyranny and the oppression,

Considering to be also essential to promote the development of friendly relations between the nations,

Thinking that the peoples of the United Nations have reaffirmed in the Letter his faith in the fundamental rights of the man, in the dignity and the value of the human being and in the equality of rights of men and women; and they have declared themselves decisive to promote the social progress and to raise the standard of living inside a wider concept of the freedom,

Thinking that the Member states have promised to assure, in cooperation with the United Nations Organization, the universal and effective respect to themselves to the rights and fundamental freedoms of the man, and

Thinking that a common conception of these rights and freedoms is of the biggest importance for the full fulfillment of the above mentioned commitment,

The General Assembly

It proclaims the present Universal Declaration of Human rights as common ideal by the one that all the peoples and nations must strengthen, in order that both the individuals and the institutions, being inspired constantly in her, promote, by means of the education and the education, the respect to these rights and freedoms, and assure, for progressive measurements of national and international character, his recognition and application universal and effective, so much between the peoples of the Member states as between those of the territories placed under his jurisdiction.

Article 1

All the human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and, provided how is life with reason and conscience, some must behave fraternally with others.

Article 2

Every person has the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration, without any distinction of race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion or of any other nature, national or social origin, economic position, birth or any another condition.

Also, there will not be done any distinction founded on the political, juridical or international condition of the country or territory of on whose jurisdiction a person depends, so much if it is a question of an independent country, as of a territory under fiduciary administration, not autonomous or submitted to any other sovereignty limitation.

Article 3

Everything individual has right to life, to the freedom and to the safety of his person.

Article 4

Nobody will be submitted either to slavery or to servitude; the slavery and it treats her as slaves they are prohibited in all his forms.

Article 5

Nobody will be submitted either to tortures or to sorrow or cruel, inhuman or degrading dealings.

Article 6

Every human being has right, everywhere, to the recognition of his juridical personality.

Article 7

They all are equal before the law and they have, without distinction, right to equal protection of the law. They all have right to equal protection from any discrimination that infringes this Declaration and against any provocation to such a discrimination.

Article 8

Every person has right to an effective resource, before the competent national courts, which it her protects against acts that violate his fundamental rights recognized by the constitution or by the law.

Article 9

Nobody will be able to be stopped arbitrarily, imprisoned or exiled.

Article 10

Every person has right, in conditions of full equality, to be heard publicly and fairly for an independent and impartial court, for the determination of his rights and obligations or for the examination of any accusation against she in penal matter.

Article 11

1. Every person accused of crime has right that presumes his innocence while his guilt is not proved, in accordance with the law and in public judgment in which they have insured themselves to him all the guarantees necessary for his defense.

2. Nobody will be condemned for acts or omissions that at the moment of be committing were not criminal according to the national or international Right. Neither will be imposed sorrow more serious than the applicable one at the moment of the commission of the crime.

Article 12

Nobody will be an object of arbitrary interferences in his private life, his family, his domicile or his mail, not of attacks to his honor or to his reputation. Every person has right to the protection of the law from such interferences or attacks.

Article 13

1. Every person has right to circulate freely and to choose his residence in the territory of the State.

2. Every person has right to go out of any country, even the proper one, and to return to his country.

Article 14

1. In case of pursuit, every person has right to seek asylum, and to enjoy him, in any country.

2. This right will not be able to be invoked against a legal action really caused by common crimes or by acts opposite to the intentions and beginning of the United Nations.

Article 15

1. Every person has right to a nationality.

2. Nobody will be deprived arbitrarily either of his nationality or of the right to change nationality.

Article 16

1. The men and the women, from the nubile age, have right, without any restriction because of race, nationality or religion, to marry and to found a family; and they will enjoy equal rights as for the marriage, during the marriage and in case of dissolution of the marriage.

2. Only by means of free and full assent of the future husbands one will be able to marry.

3. The family is the natural and fundamental element of the society and it has right to the protection of the society and of the State.

Article 17

1. Every person has right to property, individual and collectively.

2. Nobody will be deprived arbitrarily of his property.

Article 18

Every person has right to the freedom of thought, of conscience and of religion; this right includes the freedom of changing religion or belief, as well as the freedom of showing his religion or his belief, individual and collectively, so much in public as privately, for the education, the practice, the cult and the observance.

Article 19

Everything individual has right to the freedom of opinion and of expression; this right includes non-being bothered because of his opinions, of investigating and receiving informations and opinions, and of spreading them, without borders limitation, for any expression way.

Article 20

1. Every person has right to the freedom of meeting pacific and of association.

2. Nobody will be able to be forced to belong to an association.

Article 21

1. Every person has right to take part in the government of his country, straight or by means of representatives freely select.

2. Every person has the access right, in equality conditions, to the civil services of his country.

3. The will of the people is the base of the authority of the public power; this will will express itself by means of authentic elections that will have to be celebrated periodically, for universal and equal suffrage and for secret vote or another equivalent procedure that guarantees the freedom of the vote.

Article 22

Every person, like member of the society, has right to the social security, and to obtain, by means of the national effort and the international cooperation, existing account of the organization and the resources of every State, the satisfaction of the economic, social and cultural, indispensable rights to his dignity and to the free development of his personality.

Article 23

1. Every person has right to employment, to the free election of his work, to equitable and satisfactory conditions of work and to the protection from the unemployment.

2. Every person has right, without any discrimination, to equal salary for equal work.

3. Every person who works has right to an equitable and satisfactory remuneration, which he assures to him, as well as to his family, an existence in accordance with the human dignity and that will be completed, in necessary case, by any other means of social protection.

4. Every person has right to found trade unions and to be syndicated for the defense of his interests.

Article 24

Every person has right to the rest, to the enjoyment of the free time, to a reasonable limitation of the duration of the work and to full periodic holidays.

Article 25

1. Every person has right to a suitable standard of living that he assures to him, as well as to his family, the health and the well-being, and especially the feeding, the garment, the housing, the medical care and the necessary social services; it has also right to the insurances in case of unemployment, illness, invalidity, widowhood, old age and other cases of loss of his means of subsistence for circumstances independent from his will.

2. The maternity and the infancy have right to special care and assistance. All the children born of marriage or out of marriage, have right to equal social protection.

Article 26

1. Every person has right to education. The education must be free, at least in the relating thing to the elementary and fundamental instruction. The elementary instruction will be obligatory. The technical and professional instruction will have to be widespread; the access to the top studies will be equal for all, according to the respective merits.

2. The education will take as an object the full development of the human personality and the strengthening of the respect to the human rights and to the fundamental freedoms; it will favor the comprehension, the tolerance and the friendship between all the nations and all the ethnic or religious groups; and he will promote the development of the activities of the United Nations for the peacekeeping.

3. The parents will have preferable right to choose the type of education that will have to be given to his children.

Article 27

1. Every person has right to take part freely in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to take part in the scientific progress and in the benefits that from him result.

2. Every person has right to the protection of the moral and material interests that correspond to him because of the scientific, literary or artistic productions of which she is an authoress.

Article 28

Every person has right that establishes a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration become entirely effective.

Article 29

1. Every person has duties with regard to the community, since only in her it can develop free and entirely his personality.

2. In the exercise of his rights and in the enjoyment of his freedoms, every person will be only subject to the limitations established by the law with the only end of assuring the recognition and the respect of the rights and freedoms of the others, and of satisfying the just requirements of the morality, of the public order and of the general well-being in a democratic society.

3. These rights and freedoms will not be able in any case to be exercised in opposition to the intentions and beginning of the United Nations.

Article 30

Nothing in the present Declaration will be able to be interpreted to the effect that he awards any right to the State, to a group or to a person, to tackle and to develop activities or to realize acts tending to the suppression of any of the rights and freedoms proclaimed in this Declaration.


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